Are Kangaroos Herbivores or do they also Eat Meat?

Kangaroos are one of the most recognizable animals on the planet. These unique marsupials are found only in Australia and its nearby islands. Kangaroos are interesting creatures that have many adaptations for living in their hot, dry homeland where they have adapted to the available food sources.

Kangaroos are herbivores that primarily eat grasses. However, they will also eat leaves, flowers, and some species, like the tree kangaroo, which will sometimes eat smaller birds and insects, but their diet varies depending on the season and availability of food sources.

One of the most notable things about kangaroos is their large tail. This appendage is used for balance when hopping and also acts as a sort of rudder when swimming. Kangaroos are excellent swimmers!

In fact, they are often seen swimming across rivers and lakes to escape from predators or find new grazing areas.

What are kangaroos and where do they live?

The kangaroo species found in Australia are an order of mammals, the Diprotodontia (or Dermoptera). These animals are called marsupials because they carry their young for a period after birth, only emerging from their mother’s pouch to leave for short periods at night.

Kangaroos inhabit three major Australian ecoregions: rainforest, woodland savanna, and shrubland savanna (each also involving distinct plant types such as sclerophyll forest or heath).

Each habitat has its own variation on these species both in terms of size with great grey kangaroos ranging over more than 1000 km2 while little red kangaroo populations range over distances less than 50 km2.

Kangaroos are usually peaceful herbivores.

Their feet have large toe pads which help them grip onto tree branches when climbing (like the tree kangaroo) or running across loose soil, sand and grasslands.

They also use their front feet as hands, but most often this happens when they are eating plants or digging up food “by hand”.

Kangaroos spend most of their lives on the ground, mainly grazing on grass and other vegetation. When Kangaroos want to move quickly they will hop rather than walk or run – this means that they do not use much energy in moving forward since they propel themselves forwards with each jump achieved by their powerful spring-like hind limbs.

Why are kangaroos important for the ecosystem?

As one of Australia’s most iconic animals, kangaroos play an important role in the country’s ecosystem.

They help to keep the grasslands trimmed and prevent bushfires from spreading by eating leaves and branches.

By doing so, they also help to control the spread of invasive plants. In addition, their manure is a natural fertilizer that helps to keep the soil healthy for plant growth.

Are Kangaroos Carnivores, Herbivores or Omnivores?

Most kangaroos are strictly herbivores because they consume only plant material. However, some species are inclined to eat smaller animals like insects and even birds if they find a weakened individual!

Kangaroos Are Carnivores – but only rarely!

Tree kangaroos are found in the tropical rainforests of Australia, Indonesia, and New Guinea. Tree kangaroos are unique because they live in trees instead of on the ground like other kangaroos. This lifestyle also impacts their diet!

Tree kangaroo
Tree kangaroos look cute and peaceful, but they have their brutal moments!

They spend most of their time high up in the trees, where they feed on leaves, fruits, and flowers. Occasionally, they will come down to the ground to look for food or water. They use their long tail for balance as they leap from tree to tree in search of food.

While tree kangaroos are mostly herbivores that eat leaves, fruits, and flowers. Tree kangaroos also consume a small number of insects and have even been observed to catch and eat birds!

This behavior is, however, not unique to tree kangaroos but does also happen on rare occasions with other kangaroos like the one eating a sea bird on a beach in the video below:

These observations of kangaroos eating meat may lead us to conclude that they are in fact omnivores, which they certainly can be, but we should remember that most kangaroos are in fact herbivores 99% of the time.  

It is often the case that otherwise herbivore animals turn into carnivores when the need arises, see my posts about the gorilla and see how orangutans actually can catch and eat fish!

Are Kangaroos Producers, Consumers or Decomposers?

Kangaroos are consumers because they obtain their energy from plants and other living organisms. They are not producers or decomposers.

What Type of Consumer is a Kangaroo?

Kangaroos are herbivores, which means that they eat plants. Herbivores are primary consumers and occupy the second trophic level in the food pyramid.

Are Kangaroos Autotrophs or Heterotrophs?

Kangaroos are heterotrophs because they eat other living organisms. Practically no animals are autotrophic because animals do not get their energy directly from the sun as plants do. That is, animals like the kangaroo cannot make their own energy!

Can Kangaroos be Considered Decomposers?

No. Kangaroos do not eat dead or decaying matter and are therefore not decomposers.

The bacteria in the gut of the kangaroo plays a very important role for their digestion and these microorganisms may be considered true decomposers.

However, they may sometimes eat dead plants in the form of grasses or hay, but they prefer fresh food.

Where are Kangaroos in the Food Chain?

As herbivores, kangaroos occupy the second trophic level in the food pyramid. They are considered primary consumers.

Kangaroos are relatively low in the food chain because they only eat plants. Animals that only eat plants are primary consumers and are placed on the second trophic level in the energy pyramid.

The energy transferred by the kangaroo is the energy from the grass or other plants that they eat. This energy is transferred to the animals that eats the kangaroo, for example, a cheetah or a hungry dingo.

What Animals Prey on Kangaroos?

Predators of the kangaroo include snakes, birds of prey, and larger marsupials. These animals will hunt for and eat kangaroos in the wild. But as most kangaroos are kept as domestic animals they experience no real threats.

Watch how large eagles can hunt kangaroos for food!


In this blog post I have looked into the habitat and diet of the kangaroo, an animal that is perhaps most famous in Australia!

Kangaroos are truly remarkable animals, and so different to anything else – including us humans! Whilst many people still think of kangaroos as native animals in Australia, they have spread far and wide, and can be found in large numbers in other areas of the world!

Kangaroos are a very important part of the ecosystem. They help to keep the grasslands healthy by eating the grass and keeping it from getting too long. They also help to spread seeds around, which helps to keep the grasslands diverse.

Kangaroos are an important food source for other animals, including humans, but they also have many predators.

Thank you for viewing this blog post. For more fascinating facts about animals, do check out the rest of my blog posts.