What type of consumer is a bat? (Answered With Examples!)

Bats can be primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers since different bat species can eat insects, fruit, nectar, or blood.

Bats are flying mammals that are active at night. They are the only mammals capable of true, sustained flight.

There are over 1,200 species of bat, which is more than one-fifth of all mammal species in the world! They can be found on every continent except Antarctica and most islands.

Bats eat a variety of foods, including insects, fruit, nectar, pollen, and small animals. Bats eat insects, including moths, crickets, flies, beetles, and spiders. Bats also eat fruit such as figs, dates, and mangoes.

Bats can generally be divided into two groups based on their diet: insect-eating bats, which feed on insects, and fruit bats, which feed on fruit and nectar.

Bats play an important role in many ecosystems as the huge number of insects they consume each night helps to control insect populations.

This is especially important in agricultural areas, where bats can help to reduce the number of crop-damaging pests. In addition, bats also play a role in seed dispersal and pollination, which helps to ensure the health of plant populations.

Are Bats Carnivores, Herbivores or Omnivores?

Bats can be herbivores, insectivores, or carnivores. Most species are adapted to eating either fruit and nectar, or insects. Vampire bats are carnivores and feed on the blood of animals1. Other carnivorous bats feed on frogs and fish2.

Are All Bats Omnivores?

Most bats are either insectivores or herbivores. Omnivores consume both plants and animals. Most bats stick to a diet of either only fruits, or only insects.

A few bats will consume both plants and animals.

The Jamaican fruit bat is primary a fruit bat, but its teeth and nose indicate that it also eats insects.

The Jamaican fruit bat prefers to eat figs but will supplement its diet with insects when there is less fruit available3.  

As seen in the photo of the Jamaican fruit bat above, its nose is large and the teeth are sharp. This indicates that it does also eat insects and that it hunts at night.

The oddly shaped nose of the Jamaican fruit bat is believed to be involved in emitting the sounds used in echolocation and is also seen in other bats that use echolocation to hunt for insects.

Are There Bats That Eat Only Plants?

Yes, there is! Fruit bats eat only plants. Fruit bats will eat fruit and nectar. Some fruit bats will eat any fruit or nectar they can find, whereas others are more specialized.

For example, the Mexican long-tongued bat eats mostly nectar and pollen. As its name suggests, it has a long tongue that can reach nectar deep inside flowers4.

Are There Bats That Eat Only Animals?

Yes, some bats eat only animals. Most insectivorous bats eat primarily insects. They can eat 500 to 3 000 insects in one night5.

Vampire bats do, as the name suggests, live off of blood from other animals!

Vampire bats feed exclusively on the blood of other animals1.

What Types of Bats are Predators?

Insectivorous and carnivorous bats are considered predators. Bats that eat insects include Vesper bats, bonneted bats, and leaf-nosed bats.

Other predatory bats from Central and South America, include fish-, and frog-eating bats 2, and the vampire bat, which feeds on the blood of other animals1.

Are Bats Producers, Consumers, or Decomposers?

Bats are consumers because they eat other living organisms. Producers gain their energy directly from the environment, for example from the sun, during photosynthesis.

Only plants, algae, and some bacteria are producers. Since bats cannot photosynthesize, they are not producers.

Are Bats Autotrophs or Heterotrophs?

Bats are heterotrophs, meaning that they are consumers. Autotrophs are producers like plants, algae, and bacteria.

What Type of Consumer is a Bat?

Fruitbats are primary consumers, since they only feed on plants. Insect-eating bats, on the other had, are secondary consumers, since they feed on insects, many of them who eat primarily plants.

Generally, herbivores are primary consumers, and omnivores and predators are secondary and tertiary consumers.

Vampire bats that feed on the blood of omnivores and carnivores may be considered tertiary or even quaternary consumers.

Can Bats be Considered Decomposers?

Bats are not decomposers, since they do not feed on dead or decaying matter. Insects that feed on feces, carcasses, or leaf litter are considered a type of decomposer called detritivores.

True decomposers are organisms that break down organic compounds into inorganic chemicals. Only certain bacteria and fungi have this ability.

Decomposers digest organic matter externally, by releasing enzymes and breaking down organic particles into inorganic chemical compounds such as water, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium.

Why are Bats not Producers?

Bats are not producers because they cannot produce their own chemical energy. Bats need to eat other organisms to gain energy. Producers, like plants and algae, generate their own chemical energy from sunlight, through photosynthesis.

They use carbon dioxide, water and energy from the sun to make sugar. Other producers, like chemoautotrophic bacteria, can generate chemical energy by breaking down chemical compounds.

Sulfide-loving bacteria that live around hydrothermal vents in the deep sea, use hydrogen sulfide from the vent with oxygen from the water, to produce sugars.

Since the lack of sunlight means that photosynthesis is not possible, chemoautotrophic bacteria are the only producers in the food chain of the deep ocean and provide food for various consumers.

What Animals Prey on Bats?

Bats are eaten by birds of prey, skunks, raccoons, opossums, and humans.

Bats make up approximately 10% of all mammal prey of birds, and this percentage is rising.

See how some birds catch and eat bats.

The most common predators of bats are owls, hawks, eagles and falcons. Bats are commonly hunted by humans in parts of Asia, Africa and Central America.


Bats play an important role in the ecosystem as insect population controllers, pollinators, and seed dispersers. They also form a big part of the diet of many birds of prey and other animals.

  1. Britannica. 2020. Vampire bat.
  2. Web Solutions. 2022. Bats: Diet. Science Encyclopedia
  3. Morrison P. 2011. Artibeus jamaicensis Jamaican fruit-eating bat. Animal Diversity Web.
  4. Bat Conservation International. 2022. Mexican long-tongued bat.
  5. Marcel Iseli. 2021. How many mosquitoes do bats eat? Animal food planet.